We are heading towards a multipolar international scenario, a “New World Order”. The unipolar state of affairs that emerged a few decades ago from the debris of the Soviet Union is wearing out. “By 2025,” said the National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World1 published last November, “although the United States is likely to remain the single most powerful actor, the relative strength of the US—even in the military realm—will decline and US leverage will become more constrained. […] The US will find itself as one of a number of important actors on the world stage.” This unprecedented phenomenon, at least since the end of World War II when only two superpowers ruled, is the result of the irruption of a handful of new
The Alliance of Civilizations: A Spanish View
In the foreseeable future, the international system will become one of multipolarity. This new order can be sustainable and peaceful only if it can guarantee harmony and a common purpose among nations. To that end, it must be based upon a package of ethical principles under the aegis of a more powerful, democratic and efficient United Nations system. These principles – democracy, multilateralism, full compliance with international law and respect for human rights – are the same moral rules that underpin the Alliance of Civilizations project as initiated by Spain and Turkey. It was a consequence of the awareness that something new had to be done to prevent a potential confrontation between two worlds, two mindsets. There was, and still is, a danger of a further drift between Islamic and Western societies that might threaten international peace and stability.
A call for such an ethical environment, translated into international practices, is to be found precisely at the roots of the Alliance of Civilizations.
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