Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

Kazakhstan s Multi-Vectorism and Sino-Russian Relations

Kazakhstan’s Multi-Vectorism and Sino-Russian Relations

Using the case of Sino-Russian competition over Central Asian energy and transportation networks, this study asks why Russia has refrained from...

Kazakhstan s Middle Power Response to Terrorism

Kazakhstan’s Middle Power Response to Terrorism

Most studies define states as small, middle, or great in relation to the power of other states. However, how the capabilities of a particular...

Chinese Institutional Diplomacy toward Kazakhstan The SCO and the New

Chinese Institutional Diplomacy toward Kazakhstan: The SCO and the New Silk Road Initiative

Today the established cooperation between China and Kazakhstan has reached the strategic partnership level. Also, the two neighboring countries are...

Change and Continuity in Turkey s June 2018 Elections

Change and Continuity in Turkey’s June 2018 Elections

In this paper, we first present a background to the watershed elections of 2018, describing the context preceding the elections. In order to...

Reforming the Policymaking Process in Turkey s New Presidential System

Reforming the Policymaking Process in Turkey’s New Presidential System

The system of government in Turkey shifted from a parliamentary to an intrinsic presidential system, in which the president solely employs the...

Kurdish Votes in the June 24 2018 Elections An Analysis

Kurdish Votes in the June 24, 2018 Elections: An Analysis of Electoral Results in Turkey’s Eastern Cities

This article analyzes the voting patterns in eastern Turkey for the June 24, 2018 elections and examines the cross-sectional and longitudinal...

UK Strategy in the Gulf and Middle East after American

UK Strategy in the Gulf and Middle East after American Retrenchment

This paper considers the impact of the possible relative decline of the U.S. and its engagement in the Middle East and the Gulf in particular. U.S....

Applied Oriental Studies of Russia s Own Islam From Orthodox

Applied Oriental Studies of Russia’s Own Islam: From Orthodox Missionaries to Militant Godless and Wahhabis

To date the research of Orientalism in Russia did not present the whole mosaic palette of its competing schools and disciplines. The influential...

Toward a Privileged Partnership The EU Turkey and the Upgrade

Toward a “Privileged Partnership”: The EU, Turkey and the Upgrade of the Customs Union

Over the past few years, Turkey’s EU membership prospects have further deteriorated amid intensive political crisis between Brussels and Ankara....

How Do Muslims Respond to Far Right Political Mobilization in

How Do Muslims Respond to Far Right Political Mobilization in Their European State?

This paper evaluates qualitative and quantitative evidence of Muslims’ European identification in France, Austria and the Netherlands while the far...

Re-narrating Europe in the Face of Populism An Analysis of

Re-narrating Europe in the Face of Populism: An Analysis of the Anti-immigration Discourse of Populist Party Leaders

Populist discourse is gaining more and more ground in Europe. As evidenced by the growing success of radical right wing parties, a ubiquitous right...

The Secular Foreign Fighters of the West in Syria

The Secular Foreign Fighters of the West in Syria

The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) operates under the names of the Democratic Union Party and the People’s Protection Units in Syria. The PKK is...

Engineering a European Islam An Analysis of Attempts to Domesticate

Engineering a European Islam: An Analysis of Attempts to Domesticate European Muslims in Austria, France, and Germany

Today, a number of European states’ policies on religion aim at creating a nationalized Islam. In many Western European countries, the Ministries...

Missile Defense in Europe Against Whom

Missile Defense in Europe: Against Whom?

ABSTRACT This article debates the evolution, main purpose and real target of the missile defense system of NATO, entitled the EPAA, focusing on...

The European Union Dilemma of the Kurds High Support for

The European Union Dilemma of the Kurds: High Support for Membership despite Lack of Sufficient Trust

How people in member and candidate states are oriented toward the European Union –meaning, how well they know and how they evaluate the EU– is...

Imposing Particular Identities The Balkans as a Meeting Place of

Imposing Particular Identities: The Balkans as a Meeting Place of Ethnicities and Religions

Since Balkan ethnicities are primarily organized along locally-practiced religious lines, regional monotheistic religions are seen as the source of...

Military Bases in the Foreign Policy of the United Arab

Military Bases in the Foreign Policy of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is one of the leading countries in the Middle East in terms of active foreign policy. One of the most striking instruments...

The Saudi Intervention in Yemen Struggling for Status

The Saudi Intervention in Yemen: Struggling for Status

On March 26, 2015, Saudi Arabia launched airstrikes on Yemen with the aim of restoring the rule of President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi and destroying...

Quo Vadis Turkey-GCC States Relations A Turkish Perspective

Quo Vadis Turkey-GCC States Relations? A Turkish Perspective

With the growing need for more cooperative relations in the face of Iran’s assertive foreign policy following Saddam’s fall, Turkey’s importance as...

Traditional Rivalry or Regional Design in the Middle East

Traditional Rivalry or Regional Design in the Middle East?

The repercussions of the Arab Spring and new polarization between Iran, Israel and the Gulf States means the Middle East faces multiple rivalries...

American Foreign Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict Strategic Transformations

American Foreign Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Strategic Transformations

The shifts in U.S. foreign policy toward the Palestinian cause reveal the fact that this policy varies from one period to another, and from one...

Domestic Determinants of the U S -Iran Rivalry

Domestic Determinants of the U.S.-Iran Rivalry

Recent studies of diversionary theory focus on domestic determinants of conflict between interstate rivals as well as the strategic behavior of...

Iran s Nuclear Agreement The Three Specific Clusters of Concerns

Iran’s Nuclear Agreement: The Three Specific Clusters of Concerns

When Iran’s nuclear agreement was signed, critics raised questions about the terms of the agreement, its duration and especially about whether the...

Diffusion in the Arab World Turkey and Iran as Models

Diffusion in the Arab World: Turkey and Iran as Models of Emulation on the Eve of the ‘Arab Spring’

The literature about factors that promote growth and change presents models of diffusion that are based on societies’ attempts to learn from the...

Call for Paper | Politics of the Balkans and Future Perspectives