Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

Russia-Europe Relations in Historical Perspective Investigating the Role of Ukraine

Russia-Europe Relations in Historical Perspective: Investigating the Role of Ukraine

There seems to be a consensus within both Russian and European analytic communities as to the ultimate reason behind the dramatic deterioration of...

Russian Energy Policy in the Middle East

Russian Energy Policy in the Middle East

Following the fallout between Russia and the West, Moscow embarked on a strategy to make its energy industry a foreign policy tool. In this...

Evaluating the Fighter Jet Crisis in Turkish-Russian Relations

Evaluating the Fighter Jet Crisis in Turkish-Russian Relations

Turkey and Russia developed very close relations throughout the 2000s. Yet, their growing differences about the Syrian civil war dragged the two...

Russian-Iranian Relations through the Prism of the Syrian Crisis

Russian-Iranian Relations through the Prism of the Syrian Crisis

Moscow is extremely interested in keeping Iran in the sphere of its influence. First of all, Iran’s geostrategic position allows it to influence...

Neo-Functionalist Regional Integration Theory Put to Test in Asia New

Neo-Functionalist Regional Integration Theory Put to Test in Asia: New Regionalism around India and ASEAN

Among regional integration theories that have evolved since the 1960s, neo-functionalism remains one of the essential tools to understand why...

The Roots of Security Narratives on Islam in Russia Tatar

The Roots of Security Narratives on Islam in Russia: Tatar Yoke, Official Religious Institutions and the Western Influence

This work examines Russia’s security narratives on Islam. Using a social constructivist framework and employing securitization theory, this paper...

Trump and the Rise of the Media-Industrial Complex in American

Trump and the Rise of the Media-Industrial Complex in American Politics

While controversies and debates proliferate about Trump's Presidency, there is little analysis of the context and factors leading to his rise and...

U S -China Competition over Nuclear North Korea

U.S.-China Competition over Nuclear North Korea

The often-used description in the American mainstream media and geopolitical literature of “North Korea’s nuclear aggression” is misleading. I...

Trump and the Middle East 'Barking Dogs Seldom Bite'

Trump and the Middle East: 'Barking Dogs Seldom Bite'

In drafting its Middle East policy, the Trump administration appears to depart from the soft power rhetoric of the Obama years, seemingly favoring...

Anatomy of the Libyan Crisis

Anatomy of the Libyan Crisis

In Libya high hopes for change, experienced in 2012 and 2013 after Muammar Qaddafi was overthrown in 2011 by a civil rebellion following a 42-year...

The Role of the Islamic Community in Peacebuilding in Post-War

The Role of the Islamic Community in Peacebuilding in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina: Case Study of East Bosnia

The main aim of this paper is to prove that religious communities can play a vital role in building peace and trust among conflict-divided...

July 15 Political Economy of a Foiled Coup

July 15: Political Economy of a Foiled Coup

Turkey has suffered from interventions and enforcements against its elected governments, on the average, in every decade. Against this background,...

Transformation of the Ennahda Movement from Islamic Jama ah to

Transformation of the Ennahda Movement from Islamic Jama’ah to Political Party

The Ennahda Movement, whose foundations were laid in Tunisia at the beginning of the 1970s by Rached Ghannouchi and his friends, has continued its...

Rise and Fall of the AK Party s Kurdish Peace

Rise and Fall of the AK Party’s Kurdish Peace Initiatives

This study analyzes the peace and reconciliation initiatives of the AK Party governments (2002 until 2017) to address the Kurdish Question, with a...

The Political Economy of AK Party Rule in Turkey From

The Political Economy of AK Party Rule in Turkey: From a Regulatory to a Developmental State?

The macroeconomic and financial stability orientation of AK Party governments, with their emphasis on fiscal discipline and the regulatory function...

Re-evaluating Iran-Egypt Relations A Look at the Evolving Geopolitical Context

Re-evaluating Iran-Egypt Relations: A Look at the Evolving Geopolitical Context

Egypt under President Abdel Fatteh el-Sisi appears committed to avoid falling into the contentious Sunni-Shia divide by reconfiguring its security...

15 Years of AK Party Rule An Evaluation in Terms

15 Years of AK Party Rule: An Evaluation in Terms of Health and Health Policies

This article aims to evaluate the 15 years of leadership of the AK Party in terms of health and health policies using the Health System Framework...

Thorny Relations with the EU under AK Party Rule Challenges

Thorny Relations with the EU under AK Party Rule: Challenges and Prospects

Turkey-EU relations have historical significance in terms of politics, societal structures along with the longevity of Turkey’s EU accession...

Notes on the Role of the Armed Forces in Reparation

Notes on the Role of the Armed Forces in Reparation Processes in Colombia

In this article, we present and reflect on the role of the Armed Forces in the reparation of the victims of the Colombian conflict. The article...

Islamist Views on Foreign Policy Examples of Turkish Pan-Islamism in

Islamist Views on Foreign Policy: Examples of Turkish Pan-Islamism in the Writings of Sezai Karakoç and Necmettin Erbakan

In the case of Turkey, competing foreign policy perspectives have always represented a central issue in the ideological clash between Kemalism and...

Energy in Turkey and Russia s Roller-Coaster Relationship

Energy in Turkey and Russia’s Roller-Coaster Relationship

Energy relations between Turkey and Russia provide an excellent example of how energy and politics interrelate in countries with a historically...

Assessing Turkey s Foreign Policy Choices towards the European Union

Assessing Turkey’s Foreign Policy Choices towards the European Union

Turkey adopted a new strategy for its European Union accession process in 2014, in an attempt to revitalize its relations with the EU. Turkish...

Determinants of Turkish-American Relations and Prospects for the Future

Determinants of Turkish-American Relations and Prospects for the Future

This article analyzes the fluctuating course of the Turkey-U.S. relationship with a special focus on Barack Hussein Obama’s presidency. When Obama...

Turkey s Choice

Turkey’s Choice

This article argues that recent upheavals in Turkey’s domestic and regional dynamics – the transition to a more crisis-ridden foreign policy around...