Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

Military Bases in the Foreign Policy of the United Arab

Military Bases in the Foreign Policy of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is one of the leading countries in the Middle East in terms of active foreign policy. One of the most striking instruments...

The Saudi Intervention in Yemen Struggling for Status

The Saudi Intervention in Yemen: Struggling for Status

On March 26, 2015, Saudi Arabia launched airstrikes on Yemen with the aim of restoring the rule of President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi and destroying...

Quo Vadis Turkey-GCC States Relations A Turkish Perspective

Quo Vadis Turkey-GCC States Relations? A Turkish Perspective

With the growing need for more cooperative relations in the face of Iran’s assertive foreign policy following Saddam’s fall, Turkey’s importance as...

Traditional Rivalry or Regional Design in the Middle East

Traditional Rivalry or Regional Design in the Middle East?

The repercussions of the Arab Spring and new polarization between Iran, Israel and the Gulf States means the Middle East faces multiple rivalries...

American Foreign Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict Strategic Transformations

American Foreign Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Strategic Transformations

The shifts in U.S. foreign policy toward the Palestinian cause reveal the fact that this policy varies from one period to another, and from one...

Domestic Determinants of the U S -Iran Rivalry

Domestic Determinants of the U.S.-Iran Rivalry

Recent studies of diversionary theory focus on domestic determinants of conflict between interstate rivals as well as the strategic behavior of...

Iran s Nuclear Agreement The Three Specific Clusters of Concerns

Iran’s Nuclear Agreement: The Three Specific Clusters of Concerns

When Iran’s nuclear agreement was signed, critics raised questions about the terms of the agreement, its duration and especially about whether the...

Diffusion in the Arab World Turkey and Iran as Models

Diffusion in the Arab World: Turkey and Iran as Models of Emulation on the Eve of the ‘Arab Spring’

The literature about factors that promote growth and change presents models of diffusion that are based on societies’ attempts to learn from the...

An Illustration of Sino-Turkish Relations The Cyprus Question

An Illustration of Sino-Turkish Relations: The Cyprus Question

This article analyzes China’s foreign policy within the framework of debates on the rise of China in the international relations literature by...

History and Victimhood Engaging with Rohingya Issues

History and Victimhood: Engaging with Rohingya Issues

Since the late 1990s, the public representation of the Muslim minority of Rakhine State (Myanmar), widely known as Rohingyas after the 2012...

Is Pakistan a Failed State An Assessment of Islamist Ideals

Is Pakistan a Failed State? An Assessment of Islamist Ideals, Nationalist Articulation and Ground Realities

Like most Muslim nation-states, Islamic ideals inspired Indian Muslims during their struggle against colonialism and potential prejudiced Hindu...

OSCE Minsk Group Proposals and Failure the View from Azerbaijan

OSCE Minsk Group: Proposals and Failure, the View from Azerbaijan

The OSCE Minsk Group was created by the Conference on Security and Cooperation for finding a political and peaceful resolution to the...

From Secularism to La cit and Analyzing Turkish Authoritarian Laiklik

From Secularism to Laïcité and Analyzing Turkish Authoritarian Laiklik

Turkish secularism called laiklik which derived from the French laïc term, was transferred from Frances’ laïcité in the late Ottoman period via the...

The Role of Political Islam in Tunisia s Democratization Process

The Role of Political Islam in Tunisia’s Democratization Process: Towards a New Pattern of Secularization?

As far as the discussions on the Muslim world have been concerned with the process of secularization, a major focus has been the question of...

Russia-Europe Relations in Historical Perspective Investigating the Role of Ukraine

Russia-Europe Relations in Historical Perspective: Investigating the Role of Ukraine

There seems to be a consensus within both Russian and European analytic communities as to the ultimate reason behind the dramatic deterioration of...

Evaluating the Fighter Jet Crisis in Turkish-Russian Relations

Evaluating the Fighter Jet Crisis in Turkish-Russian Relations

Turkey and Russia developed very close relations throughout the 2000s. Yet, their growing differences about the Syrian civil war dragged the two...

Russian-Iranian Relations through the Prism of the Syrian Crisis

Russian-Iranian Relations through the Prism of the Syrian Crisis

Moscow is extremely interested in keeping Iran in the sphere of its influence. First of all, Iran’s geostrategic position allows it to influence...

Russian Energy Policy in the Middle East

Russian Energy Policy in the Middle East

Following the fallout between Russia and the West, Moscow embarked on a strategy to make its energy industry a foreign policy tool. In this...

The Roots of Security Narratives on Islam in Russia Tatar

The Roots of Security Narratives on Islam in Russia: Tatar Yoke, Official Religious Institutions and the Western Influence

This work examines Russia’s security narratives on Islam. Using a social constructivist framework and employing securitization theory, this paper...

Neo-Functionalist Regional Integration Theory Put to Test in Asia New

Neo-Functionalist Regional Integration Theory Put to Test in Asia: New Regionalism around India and ASEAN

Among regional integration theories that have evolved since the 1960s, neo-functionalism remains one of the essential tools to understand why...

Trump and the Rise of the Media-Industrial Complex in American

Trump and the Rise of the Media-Industrial Complex in American Politics

While controversies and debates proliferate about Trump's Presidency, there is little analysis of the context and factors leading to his rise and...

U S -China Competition over Nuclear North Korea

U.S.-China Competition over Nuclear North Korea

The often-used description in the American mainstream media and geopolitical literature of “North Korea’s nuclear aggression” is misleading. I...

Trump and the Middle East 'Barking Dogs Seldom Bite'

Trump and the Middle East: 'Barking Dogs Seldom Bite'

In drafting its Middle East policy, the Trump administration appears to depart from the soft power rhetoric of the Obama years, seemingly favoring...