The newly independent countries across the post-Soviet space faced a set of ontological ambiguities following the implosion of the Soviet Union. In addition, the ethnic, ideological and religious mosaic of the post-Soviet space became more relevant to the political dynamics in the region.
The UK Economic and Social Research Council’s research program on ‘One Europe or Several?’ that began in 2006 was a timely effort and contribution. With the collective effort of Roy Allison, Margot Light and Stephen White, the project produced its first work in 2006. In Putin’s Russia and the Enlarged Europe, the authors focused on the attitude of Russia toward the EU and NATO under Putin’s second presidential term. To address another part of this very broad research agenda, Stephen White and Valentina Feklyunina analyze attitudes towards Europe taken by three of the more important post-Soviet countries in Identities and Foreign Policies in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. This review article evaluates the methodology and content of the latter book that came out of the project.