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Impact of Turmoil and Gas Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean on Jordanian Energy Security and Foreign Policy

The Mediterranean region has witnessed a lot of turbulence in the last decade. On the one hand, the Arab uprising changed the shape of the regional relations towards more rivalry. On the other hand, the discovery of natural gas resources has opened up a valuable chance for cooperation and settling the long-standing disputes. Jordan is affected by what happens in the Mediterranean region in more than one aspect. The recently discovered Eastern Mediterranean gas is an attractive energy resource for Jordan. Nonetheless, a fear of its influence on the Jordanian foreign policy in the Palestinian context has grown. This article discusses the impact of the recent turmoil in the Mediterranean region on Jordan energy security, as well as the potential implications of Jordan’s decision to import the Mediterranean gas through Israel on Jordanian energy security using the proposed energy security framework.

Impact of Turmoil and Gas Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean
 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

The relationship between energy and politics has been gaining more interest in the last 50 years. Realizing the uneven distribution of the hydrocarbon energy resources among the world states, and recognizing that the majority of the states in the world cannot fulfill their energy demands from their domestic resources alone cements energy as a central issue of contemporary international relations.1 International energy relations must be handled efficiently by the higher authorities in order to negotiate the benefits and costs distributions between mutual parties.2 This leads to politicizing the energy market and raises the question of whether this energy interdependence acts as a source of cooperation or conflict. Realists and neoliberals have different answers to this question.

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