his commentary analyzes the Abraham Accords, the subsequent diplomatic initiatives, and efforts to create a security umbrella through regional geopolitical shifts and ideological transformations. The main factors that led to the emergence of the Abraham Accords can be articulated as elite preferences in the Arabian Gulf, rising nationalism, and the perennial quest for political stability sought by constituent elements of Gulf society.
The foremost premise that needs to be established is that the accords are a result of the relationship maintained by the ruling elite and their political regimes. The survival of monarchies in the political field depends on social stability and highly rationalized foreign policy. Monarchies must either eliminate or manage threats that could be directed toward them both on the domestic and external levels. It is valid to point out that the existence of national identities and the institutionalization of regional alliances against geopolitical imbalances gained pace in the post-Arab Spring period for kings or emirs who themselves represent the political body of monarchies.
Secondly, in conjunction with the above, the nature of social affiliation (religious, ethnic, or cultural) is important and can be cited as the source of widespread discontent toward the political elite and their precarious position. As a dynamic shaping the process, the means of communication and the fluidity of information began to create a political consciousness that transcended national borders and local cultures to the point of connecting Arabic-speaking peoples on an unprecedented scale. As a fact backed by historical reality, the ro