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New Energy Paradigm and Renewable Energy: Turkey’s Vision

In recent decades, the conventional energy paradigm has rapidly lost ground in comparison to the concept of sustainable development, as it is based on the intensive use of nonrenewable fossil fuels, causing environmental degradation and posing global energy security risks. Thus, a change in the energy paradigm is necessary. Similarly, a paradigm shift in the objectives of energy policy is taking place—towards security of supply and climate change. Transition to a sustainable energy system is one of the crucial challenges humankind faces in the new millennium. The paradigm shift is primarily occurring in developed countries but extending to developing countries. Depending on the ongoing paradigm change, renewable energy policy is evolving rapidly in most countries. Global investment in renewable energy is increasing rapidly in a number of developed and developing countries. Technological leapfrogging in renewable energy has emerged as an opportunity for developing countries. This article will give an overview of the global trends for renewable energy and also provide Turkey’s vision.

New Energy Paradigm and Renewable Energy Turkey s Vision
Among new renewables wind power was the largest addition to renewable energy capacity.
 

The conventional paradigm considers only the magnitude of energy consumed per capita as an indicator of the country’s “progress,”1 but it does not take into consideration the social, environmental, and security impacts of energy consumption.2 With this paradigm based on increased consumption of fossil fuels,the resulting environmental, social and economic costs, are enormous. 

Today, the world is facing massive environmental challenges. Global warming and climate change, ozone depletion, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, and air and water pollution are global problems with wide-ranging impacts on human populations. In addition to environmental problems, there are also serious security issues associated with the large-scale use of fossil and nuclear fuels. Tensions arise from depletion of global fossil fuel resources,4 uncertainties in energy prices and energy availability,geopolitical tension caused by the concentration of oil and gas resources in a few regions of the world, and the risk of nuclear proliferation threatening global security.Political pressures surrounding fossil fuels can lead to unrest, regime changes, and even war. 

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