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The Actorness of the EU in Its Energy Relations with Algeria

The EU is now considered as an actor in international relations in many ways. Considering that it is dependent on energy imports, it is interesting to watch the actorness of the EU in energy relations as well. In this article, the external actorness of the EU in its energy relations is analysed and specified based on a set of predefined criteria of a modified concept: (i) the diplomatic apparatus and policy tools the actor uses in its energy relations; (ii) the consistency and specificity of the external energy policy and the goals and interests pursued by the EU in regard to it, and (iii) the actor’s perception of a third party which is accepted and recognised as an autonomous actor in the energy field by other actors. The criteria are then applied to a case study focused on Algeria in order to demonstrate whether the EU can be considered as an actor.

The Actorness of the EU in Its Energy Relations with
 

 

Introduction

 

The European Union (EU), or more specifically the European Commission (EC), in order to ensure energy security, adopted a number of important measures within the internal and external dimensions of the EU’s energy policy. Above all, these measures involve diversification of external energy supplies, and strengthening of energy relations with existing and potential energy producers. North Africa plays an important role in this respect,2 since countries in this area control about 64.2 billion barrels of oil, and about 7.8 trillion cubic meters of gas.3

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