A number of relatively stable parts of the world began to experience previously unseen problems in the aftermath of the Soviet Union’s disintegration. During this period, Crimea, a peninsula of particular strategic and geopolitical importance, was contested by Ukraine and the Russian Federation. Having deported the native Tatar population from the peninsula in the 1940s, the Russian government embarked on an ambitious plan to reclaim Crimea and pushed the region to the top of its global political agenda. Currently, ethnic Russians – which constitute a majority – seek to control the future of the Crimean peninsula, as Moscow’s open and covert support for Russian separatists in the area continues to pay off. In response, the Crimean Tatars, who were removed from their homeland during the Stalin era, voiced their concern about Russia’s annexation of Crimea as they believe that the latest developments will affect their future negatively.