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Turkish-Azerbaijani Energy Relations: Significant Leverage in the Implementation of the Foreign Policy Interests of Both Countries

Modern international relations are a reflection of the successful coordination of various factors, including close cooperation and a strategic vision for the future. A very significant example of this synergy is the relationship between Turkey and Azerbaijan. These two countries initially had their own historical relationship, based on common culture and ethnic origin. Skillfully taking advantage of these factors, Turkey and Azerbaijan rapidly began to develop their relations in all spheres. Special attention should be paid to their mutually beneficial cooperation in the energy sector, which is the driving force behind their economic and political initiatives. This article will analyze the impact of the energy cooperation between Azerbaijan and Turkey on the implementation of these states’ foreign policies, and the achievement of their national interests.

Turkish-Azerbaijani Energy Relations Significant Leverage in the Implementation of the
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan shaking hands with his Azeri counterpart Ilham Aliyev during a meeting in Kars in eastern Turkey on March 17, 2015. AFP PHOTO / PRESIDENTIAL PRESS OFFICE / KAYHAN ÖZER
 

Introduction

After the announcement of the restoration of its independence, Azerbaijan immediately faced many challenges inherited from the Soviet Union. First and foremost was the unstable political situation in the country, problematized by economic collapse and war with Armenia. In order to solve its economic problems, Azerbaijan had only one advantage: energy resources. Once known worldwide as one of the preeminent places for the production of oil, Azerbaijan needed to restore its reputation.

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