Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

Transformation of the Ennahda Movement from Islamic Jama ah to

Transformation of the Ennahda Movement from Islamic Jama’ah to Political Party

The Ennahda Movement, whose foundations were laid in Tunisia at the beginning of the 1970s by Rached Ghannouchi and his friends, has continued its...

Re-evaluating Iran-Egypt Relations A Look at the Evolving Geopolitical Context

Re-evaluating Iran-Egypt Relations: A Look at the Evolving Geopolitical Context

Egypt under President Abdel Fatteh el-Sisi appears committed to avoid falling into the contentious Sunni-Shia divide by reconfiguring its security...

A New Turkish Foreign Policy Towards Proactive Moral Realism

A New Turkish Foreign Policy: Towards Proactive “Moral Realism”

In a time when our globalizing world is confronted by a deepening global turmoil, political instability and multiplying security threats have set...

Turkey s Choice

Turkey’s Choice

This article argues that recent upheavals in Turkey’s domestic and regional dynamics – the transition to a more crisis-ridden foreign policy around...

Determinants of Turkish-American Relations and Prospects for the Future

Determinants of Turkish-American Relations and Prospects for the Future

This article analyzes the fluctuating course of the Turkey-U.S. relationship with a special focus on Barack Hussein Obama’s presidency. When Obama...

Assessing Turkey s Foreign Policy Choices towards the European Union

Assessing Turkey’s Foreign Policy Choices towards the European Union

Turkey adopted a new strategy for its European Union accession process in 2014, in an attempt to revitalize its relations with the EU. Turkish...

Energy in Turkey and Russia s Roller-Coaster Relationship

Energy in Turkey and Russia’s Roller-Coaster Relationship

Energy relations between Turkey and Russia provide an excellent example of how energy and politics interrelate in countries with a historically...

Islamist Views on Foreign Policy Examples of Turkish Pan-Islamism in

Islamist Views on Foreign Policy: Examples of Turkish Pan-Islamism in the Writings of Sezai Karakoç and Necmettin Erbakan

In the case of Turkey, competing foreign policy perspectives have always represented a central issue in the ideological clash between Kemalism and...

Notes on the Role of the Armed Forces in Reparation

Notes on the Role of the Armed Forces in Reparation Processes in Colombia

In this article, we present and reflect on the role of the Armed Forces in the reparation of the victims of the Colombian conflict. The article...

Iran s Ballistic Missile Program A New Case for Engaging

Iran’s Ballistic Missile Program: A New Case for Engaging Iran?

Much like Iran’s nuclear program, scholars and policy makers are largely puzzled to understand Iran’s intentions in developing its ballistic...

The New NATO Prepared for Russian Hybrid Warfare

The New NATO: Prepared for Russian Hybrid Warfare?

The Ukrainian crisis altered the security paradigm in Europe by forcing NATO to revise its stance towards Russia, as it employed a wide array of...

Kazakh and Russian History and Its Geopolitical Implications

Kazakh and Russian History and Its Geopolitical Implications

In 2015, Kazakhstan celebrated 550 years of Kazakh statehood. The extraordinary interest in these events, both among Kazakh officials and some...

Reconsidering the Presidential System in Turkey

Reconsidering the Presidential System in Turkey

Debates on the system of government have been on the political agenda in Turkey since the 1960s, gaining momentum in recent years. Disengagement...

The Constitutional Amendment Draft The End of Debates on Change

The Constitutional Amendment Draft: The End of Debates on Change in the Turkish Political System?

Debate over the government system has occupied Turkey’s political and constitutional agenda for many years. Yet the discussions that have taken...

Political Parties the Political System and Turkey

Political Parties, the Political System and Turkey

Even though they are not the sole forms of organization in a democratic system, political parties constitute the most effective bodies of people’s...

Government Systems Party Politics and Institutional Engineering in the Round

Government Systems, Party Politics, and Institutional Engineering in the Round

Countries often debate the issue of constitutional reform. Typically, such debates focus on whether a country should have a presidential,...

July 15 The Glorious Resistance of Turkish Democracy

July 15: The Glorious Resistance of Turkish Democracy

On 15 July 2016, Turkey experienced a milestone in its political history. An entity, judicially and officially recognized as the Gülenist Terror...

A Historical Perspective on the July 2016 Coup Attempt in

A Historical Perspective on the July 2016 Coup Attempt in Turkey

This paper sets out the historical background to the July 15 coup attempt. It outlines the Turkish armed forces’ age-old interventionist tendencies...

Turkey s Civil Rights Movement and the Reactionary Coup Segregation

Turkey’s Civil Rights Movement and the Reactionary Coup: Segregation, Emancipation, and the Western Reaction

Turkey went through a civil rights movement, or a “silent revolution,” under the AK Party governments between 2002 and 2013, in which the legally...

Measuring Social Perception of the July 15 Coup Attempt

Measuring Social Perception of the July 15 Coup Attempt

This study aims to measure the social perception created by the impact of the July 15 coup attempt. The social picture that emerged during and...

Culture Social Contestation and Turkey s Failed Coup The Rivalry

Culture, Social Contestation and Turkey’s Failed Coup: The Rivalry of Social Imaginaries

This article explores the processes involved in the emergence of rival social imaginaries, as they develop in a cultural ecosystem, relating it to...

Reinvention of Turkish Foreign Policy in Latin America The Cuba

Reinvention of Turkish Foreign Policy in Latin America: The Cuba Case

The current research has the purpose of analyzing Turkey’s approach toward Latin America and the Caribbean region through the prism of soft power...

Gezi Park Protests as a Litmus Test for Mainstream Western

Gezi Park Protests as a Litmus Test for Mainstream Western Media

This article focuses on the coverage of Gezi Park protests in the mainstream western media. It analyzes the details of the incidents and argues...

Freedom and Democratization Turkey s Need for a Paradigm Shift

Freedom and Democratization: Turkey’s Need for a Paradigm Shift in the Media Freedom Debate

When considering the problems of media freedom in Turkey, two types of pressures come to the fore: (1) the first-hand and tangible pressures...

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