Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

Turkey s Energy Strategy Synchronizing Geopolitics and Foreign Policy with

Turkey’s Energy Strategy: Synchronizing Geopolitics and Foreign Policy with Energy Security

This article analyzes Turkey’s official energy strategy to indicate how it responds to actual challenges by striking a compromise between market...

Turkish-Azerbaijani Energy Relations Significant Leverage in the Implementation of the

Turkish-Azerbaijani Energy Relations: Significant Leverage in the Implementation of the Foreign Policy Interests of Both Countries

Modern international relations are a reflection of the successful coordination of various factors, including close cooperation and a strategic...

Turkey s Energy Diversification Strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Turkey’s Energy Diversification Strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Since 2003, by instituting a multidimensional foreign policy, Turkey has aimed to reach new geographies and regions by creating and using her soft...

Exportation of EastMed Gas Resources Is it Possible without Turkey

Exportation of EastMed Gas Resources: Is it Possible without Turkey?

The exportation of groundbreaking Eastern Mediterranean (EastMed) gas resources will only be possible as a result of full regional stabilization...

International Dynamics of Oil Prices in Four Dimensions An Analytical

International Dynamics of Oil Prices in Four Dimensions: An Analytical Investigation

This article presents an analysis method for oil price movements that tries to combine different factors such as technology, economics, fear, and...

Faraway so Close The Effect of Asian Values on Australia

Faraway so Close!: The Effect of Asian Values on Australia’s Interactions with East Asia

Asian values discourse has focused on the Confucian cultural peculiarities of East Asia as the motorforce behind the East Asian “miracle”, which is...

Innumeracy in Turkey Misperceptions of an Emerging Immigrant Population

Innumeracy in Turkey: Misperceptions of an Emerging Immigrant Population

With Turkey’s recent transition from a nation of net emigration to one of net immigration, it becomes important to understand how the country is...

Religion and Religious Communities in the EU Legal System

Religion and Religious Communities in the EU Legal System

This article considers the different components of the “acquis communautaire” in the matter of religion. The “acquis communautaire” is the set of...

State and Religion in Great Britain Constitutional Foundations Religious Minorities

State and Religion in Great Britain: Constitutional Foundations, Religious Minorities, the Law and Education

This article examines the relationship between the State and religion in Great Britain. After summarizing the key features of the constitution of...

Religion and State in Belgium

Religion and State in Belgium

This article focuses on the complex question of state-religion relations in Belgium and examines definition of laicism/secularism in the...

Religion and Law in the Netherlands

Religion and Law in the Netherlands

Religion remains an influential force in our time despite the prophesy of secularization theory which argued that religion will fade away. In the...

Churches and Religious Communities in Poland with Particular Focus on

Churches and Religious Communities in Poland with Particular Focus on the Situation of Muslim Communities

This article examines complex relations between the state and churches as well as religious communities as defined in the Constitution of Poland...

President Obama s Middle East Policy 2009-2013

President Obama’s Middle East Policy, 2009-2013

President Barack Obama won the 2008 US presidential race with promises to restore America’s lost image and status in the world, to lead the world...

Turkey s Stance towards the Main Developments in the South

Turkey’s Stance towards the Main Developments in the South Caucasus

This article aims to elaborate on Turkey’s stance towards the main developments in the South Caucasus after the rise of the AK Party in 2002. The...

Turkey s Transition to an Immigration Country A Paradigm Shift

Turkey’s Transition to an Immigration Country: A Paradigm Shift

This article argues that Turkey is going through a paradigm transition regarding its migration characteristics and has changed from an emigration...

The Immigration of Russians and Azerbaijanis to Turkey Who are

The Immigration of Russians and Azerbaijanis to Turkey: Who are They? Why are They Here?

Turkey in the recent years has become a destination for individuals from various regions, migration histories and experiences, with an explicit...

Guests and Hosts European Retirees in Coastal Turkey

Guests and Hosts: European Retirees in Coastal Turkey

As a country in transition from emigration to immigration, Turkey hosts many diverse migrant groups, creating a very dynamic research field to...

Negotiating Modernity and Europeanness in the Germany-Turkey Transnational Social Field

Negotiating Modernity and Europeanness in the Germany-Turkey Transnational Social Field

In conversation with recent work on transnational social fields, this article explores how Germany and Turkey are linked through a “set of...

Afghan Re Migration from Pakistan to Turkey Transnational Norms and

Afghan (Re)Migration from Pakistan to Turkey: Transnational Norms and the ‘Pull’ of Pax-Ottomanica?

Many Afghans, often male, in Pakistan are migrating (again) and increasingly toward ‘new’ destinations such as Turkey. Transnational lives are not...

Stuck on the Way to Europe Iranian Transit Migration to

Stuck on the Way to Europe? Iranian Transit Migration to Turkey

This article discusses Turkey’s increasing role as a country of immigration by using the case study of Iranian migration to Turkey. While Turkey...

EU-Turkey Relations in the Context of the Middle East after

EU-Turkey Relations in the Context of the Middle East after the Arab Spring*

This paper discusses EU-Turkey relations with a specific reference to regional developments in the Middle East after the Arab Spring. In the last...

The Evolution of Turkey s Foreign Policy under the AK

The Evolution of Turkey’s Foreign Policy under the AK Party Government

This article aims to explain the evolution of Turkish foreign policy through the search for a foreign policy role concept. It will argue that the...

Civilizational Discourse the Alliance of Civilizations and Turkish Foreign Policy

Civilizational Discourse, the ‘Alliance of Civilizations’ and Turkish Foreign Policy

The main orientation of Turkish foreign policy has recently been described as Europeanization, Middle Easternization, or Islamization. This article...

The Rise of Radical Liberal Discourse in Turkish Foreign Policy

The Rise of Radical Liberal Discourse in Turkish Foreign Policy

Change is a central concept in Turkish and global politics. It forms the basis of liberal ideology, alongside freedom, democracy, and equality. In...

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