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OSCE Minsk Group: Proposals and Failure, the View from Azerbaijan

The OSCE Minsk Group was created by the Conference on Security and Cooperation for finding a political and peaceful resolution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Since its creation, the Minsk Group organized several meetings and initiated various proposals. However, despite its “great efforts,” parties to the conflict have not come to an agreement and are still insisting on their position of ‘territorial integrity’ and right of ‘self-determination,’ therefore there has been no progress in the settlement of the conflict. The aim of this research paper is to give a general overview of the OSCE Minsk Group and investigate its mediation efforts, and analyze the question: Why does Azerbaijan accuse the OSCE Minsk Group of being biased in the settlement of the conflict?

OSCE Minsk Group Proposals and Failure the View from Azerbaijan

Introduction

The OSCE Minsk Group was created by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in 1992 to provide a political solution and a peaceful settlement to the dispute, over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Since the involvement of the Minsk Group in the negotiation process, the parties to the conflict have placed great hopes on this negotiating institute. However, the “usefulness” of the Minsk Group, particularly the co-chair countries, namely; Russia, the U.S., and France, as peace brokers over the dispute of the Nagorno-Karabakh region, was brought up for discussion by the parties to the conflict as well as experts.1 It was said that while assuming the role of the Minsk Group Co-Chairs, it became apparent that the aim of the OSCE “Troika” was to maintain the stability in order to preserve their national interests in the region rather than to provide a forum for the ongoing negotiation process and bring about a peaceful settlement of the conflict.

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