In a recent article, Rogers Brubaker, a well-known scholar of nationalism studies, poses the question, ‘why is civilization replacing the nation?’ The scope of this study is not to answer this question, but the inquiry remains valuable in an era of ‘Europe for Europeans’ rhetoric led by the populist parties in Europe. The rising tide of populism brings us to focus on this “civilizationism.”1 In 2011, Anders Breivik killed out people by detonating a van bomb in Oslo, then shot 69 participants to death in a Worker’s Youth League summer camp. While defending himself in court, he argued that his intention in carrying out this terrorist attack was to “save Norway and Western Europe from cultural Marxism and a Muslim takeover.”2 The incident was a turning point, not just for Norway but for Europe in exposing how the continent is divided between the nativists and the liberals. It is clear that this incident was a cry out of the already existing crisis of identity re-construction, already declared by Angela Merkel as a ‘failure of multiculturalism’ back in 2010. Helmut Kohl criticized his successor in 2011, saying, “[Angela Merkel] is destroying my Europe.”3 Although Kohl and Merkel belonged to the same political camp, as a former chancellor and party leader, Kohl criticized Merkel for her open-door policy toward refugee immigration. While Merkel saw herself as rescuing Europe from a worker shortage, Kohl viewed her policies as destructive. Today’s Europe continues to confront these competing narratives against an unprecedently hostile backdrop of fears of terrorist threats, from both Islamist fundamentalists and far right extremists.