The aim of this article is to assess Türkiye’s national climate policy framework within the context of international climate change negotiations. Türkiye, as an emerging economy and developing country, has implemented a number of climate actions and measures and has ratified significant multilateral climate agreements, such asthe United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol, and the
Paris Agreement. As a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Türkiye was put into both Annex-I and Annex-II of the UNFCCC. This starting point for climate negotiationshindered Türkiye’s earlier ratification of the UNFCCC. While negotiating under the UNFCCC, Türkiye’s EU accession process started, so Türkiye ratified the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol in 2004 and 2009, respectively.
This article evaluates Türkiye’s national climate change strategy to better implement multilateral climate agreementsin the context of its national climate policy framework. In 2021, Türkiye ratified the Paris Agreement, announced consideration of being carbon neutralas one of the elements of its 2053 development plan, and revisedits institutional structure. The First National Climate Council addresses these aimsand seems to guide Türkiye’s policy recommendations. At the end of the study, policies are recommended
to help Türkiye achieve its net zero emissions targets and follow a low-carbon development pathway.