The book’s holistic approach to tackling the matter at hand benefits a wide audience, from students to policymakers. GCC nationals in favor of sustainable development and diversification in both the private sector and the government can benefit from this work to push for national development. The private sector in the GCC is significant in this discussion; chapters 10 and 11 help them understand the type of pressure and official expectations they might face. Simultaneously, the book conveys to policymakers that diversification of revenue sources can be achieved by tackling social challenges, systematically developing the private sector, and upskilling the national labor force. However, the book fails to clarify convincingly why sustainable development does not occur when a throw diagnosis exists.