Insight Turkey
Insight Turkey
Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs


Erhan Akkaş

Sakarya University, Türkiye
Erhan Akkaş
Unveiling the Türkiye-GCC Economic Partnership: ARDL Cointegration Approach
July 8, 2024
This analysis examines the economic relationship between Türkiye and the GCC countries, focusing notably on the economic and trade ties. It argues that while mutual relations have increased during the AK Party era, historical commercial relations have been subject to fluctuations due to regional and foreign policy preferences. Descriptive analysis using secondary data supports this claim. Cointegration techniques are also employed to empirically analyze the trade relationship between the two sides from 1994 to 2020. The results indicate long-term cointegration in Türkiye-GCC economic relations, with bilateral trade positively affected in the long-term. However, the findings also suggest that as GCC countries’ exports to Türkiye increase, Türkiye’s exports to the GCC increase even more over the long-term.
The Economics of the Middle East: A Comparative Approach
September 22, 2021
Rauch’s book contributes to the literature on the Middle East’s economics from a broad perspective. However, some tables, such as those related to migration, are not up to date, as more recent data is available. Also, some comparisons face the problem of being superficial because the Middle East countries cover a very large geography, making the gap between countries relatively high.

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