This edited volume is a comprehensive text examining the relationship between identity politics and conflict management. The book works across three themes, namely, the formation of identities, the emergence of mobilization, and the transition to violence. For the purpose of this study, the authors examine cases from Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan. The book also includes transnational recompositions of the Indo-Pakistani diaspora in the United Kingdom to enrich our understanding of identity-based violence. The book is well-organized with informative thematic structures which makes navigation easy. Most importantly, the introduction by Gilles Dorronsoro and Olivier Grojean familiarizes readers with the concept of ‘identity capital,’ which is defined as a strategic resource that can be invested to mobilize collective actions. Another recurring concept is ‘ethnic hierarchy.’ The editors argue that identity inherently breeds hierarchy, as it is constructed on the devaluation of the “other” (p. 7). Most of the contributions in this book utilize the concept of ethnic hierarchy, exploring the different ways in which it gets transformed, and how it (re)defines collective actions creating potential grounds for violence.