On 14 July 2015, Iran and the P5+1 states signed a historic nuclear deal, dubbed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), to finally end the thirteen-year nuclear standoff between Tehran and Washington. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani branded the JCPOA, “the victory of the people of Iran on the political arena.”1 Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei also viewed the deal as a significant step towards bolstering Iran’s rights, dignity and independence. Under the terms and conditions of the JCPOA, Iran has agreed to greatly scale back its nuclear program, though not to abrogate its nuclear rights, in exchange for sanctions relief. So, from the Iranian perspective, the deal fits the basic rationale of the 1979 Islamic Revolution that saved Iran from subjugation by the U.S. and restored its full independence in a West-dominated international order. Critics, however, contend that Khamenei was under extreme pressure to get rid of the financial sanctions that had been imposed on Iran, particularly during the tenure of former hardline President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and that the deal falls short of being a victory for Iran.
Post-Nuclear Deal Iran: Back to the Fold of Imperialism?
Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, sought to chart out an independent course for Iran in regional and global affairs: ‘neither East, nor West, the Islamic Republic.’ Khomeini’s successors have often attempted to compromise with the West by undertaking economic reforms aimed at reintegrating Iran into the imperialistic capitalist world economy. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, signed in mid-July 2015, brings Iran new opportunities but it also greatly compromises the ideological, philosophical and economic foundations of Khomeini’s Islamic Republic. After four decades of anti-imperialist struggle, Iran has now largely come back to the fold of imperialism.
EU (Helga Schmid, deputy secretary-general for the external action services of the EU) and Iranian Delegates Iranian deputy foreign ministers Seyed Abbas Araqchi (2ndR) and Majid Takht Ravanchi (L) of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the Joint
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