Acontemporary observer of the French Revolution in 1789, Selim III, attempted to modernize the Ottoman army and administration by initiating the Nizam-ı Cedid (the New Order) program in the early nineteenth century. He could not have realized that he was creating a motivation for those who wanted to capture state power. Nor could he have imagined that this would determine the dynamics of Turkey’s politics for more than two centuries.
The Structural Causes of Political Crisis in Turkey
The December 17th process was started allegedly by a political move by the Gülen movement, which, until recently, had been seen as a religious organization. As the government and the parliament – institutions of democratic representation – countered this move through the use of their constitutional powers, the debate has turned into a totalistic and ontological struggle. However, very few people argue that the problems are actually not independent of the constitutional system of the Turkish Republic, but rather unavoidable consequences of the existing system. If we consider the political steps and strategies pursued by the Gülen movement, we see that we are faced with the most familiar game in Turkish political history, namely the shaping of politics through the use of state institutions.
The Journalists and Writers Foundation, which has known as a supporter of the Gülen movement, have responded to the criticism at the conference. AA / Kerim Gülbetekin
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