Since the October 7, 2023, the world has been deeply affected by the ongoing conflict in Gaza, resulting in the tragic loss of countless innocent lives. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the current situation in Gaza, it is imperative to delve into its historical roots. This commentary offers a meticulous and critical examination of the Palestinian Nakba and the enduring Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It underscores the profound and lasting repercussions of historical events such as the Balfour Declaration and the British Mandate on Palestine, shedding light on the profound displacement and suffering endured by the Palestinian population. Furthermore, this commentary advocates for the fundamental right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homeland, presenting it as a pivotal element in the path towards conflict resolution and lasting peace. Lastly, it scrutinizes the roles played by international powers and their policies, highlighting their impact on perpetuating the conflict.