On December 27, 2008, Israel launched a deadly attack on Gaza. Turkey responded immediately to the Israeli attacks and strongly criticized the operation. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan embarked on a tour of Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Egypt to garner support for an immediate ceasefire. Turkey’s active diplomacy in the Gaza crisis is an indication of Turkey’s new foreign policy vision and a self-confidence consolidated by strengthening relations with regional powers. Turkey’s proactive policy in the region does not suggest that it will discontinue its relations with one side or the other. In fact, this supposition is marked by the old belief that Turkish foreign policy has a single axis or dimension. By observing the balance of power and keeping all actors involved in the process, Ankara has a greater chance of finding a just and sustainable solution to the Palestinian problem.
In recent years, particularly after the U.S. interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq, there has been an increase in debate on the politics of the U.S. and the concept of ''American Empire." The debate on this concept in the literature is not a new phenomenon.