Conventionally, constitutions serve two main purposes. First, they determine who exercises power under what circumstances. They provide the structure of governance; regulate the organization, limits, and inter-relations of institutions that are authorized to exercise governmental power.
Constitutional Amendments Under the Justice and Development Party Rule
Turkey’s 1982 Constitution does not reflect the values of modern constitutionalism. Originally, the Constitution maintained a state-centered, authoritarian character and failed to meet society‘s expectations. Pro-reform parties sought to replace the Constitution to address various societal demands. The AK Party also identified the drafting of a new Constitution as a primary objective and attempted thirteen amendments. There were two main motivations behind the amendments: Turkey‘s EU membership bid and frequent constitutional crises. In this sense, the amendments promoted individual rights and liberties in Turkey. The Constitution today is a legal text that underwent major changes over the years to establish more effective safeguarding mechanisms for individual rights and liberties. Turkey’s need for a new constitution, however, remains alive.
Members of the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors, and military commanders visit Atatürk’s mausoleum. AA
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