The paper analyses the trade competition between China and India in Africa over the period from 2008 to 2017. After the 2008 financial crisis, China increased its advantage over India in exports of goods to rich African countries and in imports of goods from resource-abundant Africa’s least developed countries. China-Africa and India-Africa trade relations are win-win relations. However, African countries are becoming more and more dependent on the condition of the Chinese economy. Compared to Chinese exports, Indian ones destroy fewer African markets.