Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

China and India The Struggle for Mastery in Eurasia

China and India: The Struggle for Mastery in Eurasia

This article examines the economic and strategic rivalry between China and India along with a number of dimensions: infrastructure, border...

Beyond the Nominal and the Ad Hoc The Substance and

Beyond the Nominal and the Ad Hoc: The Substance and Drivers of China-Russia Military Cooperation

Post-Cold War China-Russia relations have always been a matter of debate. Since the end of the Cold War, the China-Russia strategic cooperation has...

The United States and China Strategic Rivalry in Africa

The United States and China: Strategic Rivalry in Africa

This commentary underscores the strategic rivalry taking place in Africa between the United States and China, sparked by the latter’s massive...

Turkish-German Challenges in the Light of German Federal Elections

Turkish-German Challenges in the Light of German Federal Elections

There are few, if any, examples of two countries, without common state borders, that possess such an intense relationship as that of Turkey and...

Jerusalem s Deal of the Century

Jerusalem’s Deal of the Century

U.S. President, Donald Trump, could not have gone ahead with his decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel had it not been for the...

U S -Russian Relations in the Trump Era

U.S.-Russian Relations in the Trump Era

Donald J. Trump’s rhetorical shift from ‘leadership’ to ‘greatness’ made possible some sort of rapprochement between the U.S. and Russia, after a...

Kirkuk Iraq's Next War What Options Does Turkey Have

Kirkuk, Iraq's Next War: What Options Does Turkey Have?

As the battle for Mosul is entering its final stage, observers of Iraq's political scene anticipate a more devastating and far reaching war in...

Rohingya A Preventable Genocide Allowed to Happen

Rohingya: A Preventable Genocide Allowed to Happen

The world is standing by and failing to act as the ethnic Rohingya Muslims in Burma are subjected to a systematic campaign to drive them out of the...

How South America Let Venezuela Down

How South America Let Venezuela Down

The political, economic and humanitarian crisis in the country with the world’s largest proven oil reserves was not only entirely predictable, but...

The Legitimacy Crisis of the U S Elite and the

The Legitimacy Crisis of the U.S. Elite and the Rise of Donald Trump

The American political elite’s legitimacy crisis is demonstrated by Trump’s rise by challenging Wall Street, both main parties’ leadership, and...

Mr Trump Post Nuclear Ban Treaty NATO s Nuclear Weapons

Mr. Trump, Post Nuclear Ban Treaty, NATO’s Nuclear Weapons in Europe are Obsolete

This commentary makes the case as to why the U.S. tactical nuclear weapons that have been stationed in Europe since the 1960s should be removed,...

The Long History of Islam as a Collective Other of

The Long History of Islam as a Collective “Other” of the West and the Rise of Islamophobia in the U.S. after Trump

In the last two decades, Islamophobia in the West has become mainstream. Covertly, Islamophobia is the last link in the chain of a long tradition...

Right Wing Populism in the West Social Media Discourse and

Right Wing Populism in the West: Social Media Discourse and Echo Chambers

The commentary examines the roots of electoral shifts towards right wing populist parties and groups in the West. It shows how legitimate economic...

Al-Aqsa Mosque s Incident in July 2017 Affirming the Policy

Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Incident in July 2017: Affirming the Policy of Deterrence

The whole Middle East region passed through an upheaval and transformation for two weeks in the middle of July 2017. The event, now called: “The...

The Belt and Road Initiative and Middle Eastern Politics Challenges

The Belt and Road Initiative and Middle Eastern Politics: Challenges Ahead

Involving sixty countries, the Belt and Road Initiative sparked a global debate because of its potential economic and political implications....

Turkish Foreign Policy under the AK Party

Turkish Foreign Policy under the AK Party

In its 15 years as Turkey’s ruling party, the AK Party has left its imprint on foreign policy. Besides bringing its own style to bear in dealing...

Reforming Turkey s Democracy

Reforming Turkey’s Democracy

The constitutional amendments approved by the referendum of April 16, 2017 are not only a positive step toward renewal of Turkish law and the...

Anti-Turkey Sentiment in Europe during the Referendum Process

Anti-Turkey Sentiment in Europe during the Referendum Process

In each era, relations with Europe have constituted one of the most significant areas of Turkish foreign policy. The commentary addresses the...

Deciphering the Mindset behind the anti-Turkey Bias in European Reporting

Deciphering the Mindset behind the anti-Turkey Bias in European Reporting

Deliberately Misunderstanding Turkey 101 – a new hot pick in European journalism studies? Has fair and objective mainstream reporting about Turkey...

Asia Heading Rightward Embarking on a New Era

Asia Heading Rightward: Embarking on a New Era

For decades, support for Palestine was one of the most important causes taken up by many Asian countries. The Soviet Union's collapse ushered the...

Turkish Foreign Policy in a Time of Perpetual Turmoil

Turkish Foreign Policy in a Time of Perpetual Turmoil

2016 was a difficult year for the world; however, Turkey demonstrated her strength and resilience politically, economically, and security-wise....

Turkey and Russia The Importance of Energy Ties

Turkey and Russia: The Importance of Energy Ties

Turkey and Russia maintain close energy ties in spite of difficulties in other areas of their relationship. This compartmentalization of ties was...

An Overview of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans 1990-2016

An Overview of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans: 1990-2016

The reforming of Turkish foreign policy in the Balkans was a process that started at the end of the Cold War and with the disintegration of...

After Aleppo The Long Game in Syria

After Aleppo: The Long Game in Syria

In the aftermath of the victory by pro-Syrian government forces in Aleppo in December 2016, many see an opportunity for a political resolution to...

Call for Paper: European Union Crisis