Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

U S -Russian Relations in the Trump Era

U.S.-Russian Relations in the Trump Era

Donald J. Trump’s rhetorical shift from ‘leadership’ to ‘greatness’ made possible some sort of rapprochement between the U.S. and Russia, after a...

Kirkuk Iraq's Next War What Options Does Turkey Have

Kirkuk, Iraq's Next War: What Options Does Turkey Have?

As the battle for Mosul is entering its final stage, observers of Iraq's political scene anticipate a more devastating and far reaching war in...

How South America Let Venezuela Down

How South America Let Venezuela Down

The political, economic and humanitarian crisis in the country with the world’s largest proven oil reserves was not only entirely predictable, but...

Rohingya A Preventable Genocide Allowed to Happen

Rohingya: A Preventable Genocide Allowed to Happen

The world is standing by and failing to act as the ethnic Rohingya Muslims in Burma are subjected to a systematic campaign to drive them out of the...

The Legitimacy Crisis of the U S Elite and the

The Legitimacy Crisis of the U.S. Elite and the Rise of Donald Trump

The American political elite’s legitimacy crisis is demonstrated by Trump’s rise by challenging Wall Street, both main parties’ leadership, and...

Mr Trump Post Nuclear Ban Treaty NATO s Nuclear Weapons

Mr. Trump, Post Nuclear Ban Treaty, NATO’s Nuclear Weapons in Europe are Obsolete

This commentary makes the case as to why the U.S. tactical nuclear weapons that have been stationed in Europe since the 1960s should be removed,...

The Long History of Islam as a Collective Other of

The Long History of Islam as a Collective “Other” of the West and the Rise of Islamophobia in the U.S. after Trump

In the last two decades, Islamophobia in the West has become mainstream. Covertly, Islamophobia is the last link in the chain of a long tradition...

Right Wing Populism in the West Social Media Discourse and

Right Wing Populism in the West: Social Media Discourse and Echo Chambers

The commentary examines the roots of electoral shifts towards right wing populist parties and groups in the West. It shows how legitimate economic...

Al-Aqsa Mosque s Incident in July 2017 Affirming the Policy

Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Incident in July 2017: Affirming the Policy of Deterrence

The whole Middle East region passed through an upheaval and transformation for two weeks in the middle of July 2017. The event, now called: “The...

The Belt and Road Initiative and Middle Eastern Politics Challenges

The Belt and Road Initiative and Middle Eastern Politics: Challenges Ahead

Involving sixty countries, the Belt and Road Initiative sparked a global debate because of its potential economic and political implications....

Gülenism as Religionist Kemalism

Gülenism as “Religionist” Kemalism

Utilizing Gramsci’s conceptualization of hegemonic struggles through both coercive means of the state and also the production of consent in civil...

Turkish Foreign Policy under the AK Party

Turkish Foreign Policy under the AK Party

In its 15 years as Turkey’s ruling party, the AK Party has left its imprint on foreign policy. Besides bringing its own style to bear in dealing...

Asia Heading Rightward Embarking on a New Era

Asia Heading Rightward: Embarking on a New Era

For decades, support for Palestine was one of the most important causes taken up by many Asian countries. The Soviet Union's collapse ushered the...

Deciphering the Mindset behind the anti-Turkey Bias in European Reporting

Deciphering the Mindset behind the anti-Turkey Bias in European Reporting

Deliberately Misunderstanding Turkey 101 – a new hot pick in European journalism studies? Has fair and objective mainstream reporting about Turkey...

Reforming Turkey s Democracy

Reforming Turkey’s Democracy

The constitutional amendments approved by the referendum of April 16, 2017 are not only a positive step toward renewal of Turkish law and the...

Anti-Turkey Sentiment in Europe during the Referendum Process

Anti-Turkey Sentiment in Europe during the Referendum Process

In each era, relations with Europe have constituted one of the most significant areas of Turkish foreign policy. The commentary addresses the...

After Aleppo The Long Game in Syria

After Aleppo: The Long Game in Syria

In the aftermath of the victory by pro-Syrian government forces in Aleppo in December 2016, many see an opportunity for a political resolution to...

An Overview of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans 1990-2016

An Overview of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans: 1990-2016

The reforming of Turkish foreign policy in the Balkans was a process that started at the end of the Cold War and with the disintegration of...

Turkey and Russia The Importance of Energy Ties

Turkey and Russia: The Importance of Energy Ties

Turkey and Russia maintain close energy ties in spite of difficulties in other areas of their relationship. This compartmentalization of ties was...

Turkish Foreign Policy in a Time of Perpetual Turmoil

Turkish Foreign Policy in a Time of Perpetual Turmoil

2016 was a difficult year for the world; however, Turkey demonstrated her strength and resilience politically, economically, and security-wise....

Cornerstones of July 15 Women Who Are More Powerful than

Cornerstones of July 15: Women Who Are More Powerful than Tanks

Public reaction to the coup attempt in Turkey on July15, 2016, organized by members of a terrorist organization in the Turkish Army received a wide...

The Internationalization of Higher Education in Turkey Realities Motivations and

The Internationalization of Higher Education in Turkey: Realities, Motivations and Opportunities

The internationalization of higher education constitutes one of the essential components that countries pursue. As economic growth and qualified...

The Odyssey of the Turkish Constitutional Court into the World

The Odyssey of the Turkish Constitutional Court into the World of Individual Application

Since the introduction of the individual application as a constitutional remedy, the Turkish Constitutional Court, which traditionally dealt with...

Turkey s Proposed Presidential System An Assessment of Context and

Turkey’s Proposed Presidential System: An Assessment of Context and Criticisms

Debates over presidential, semi-presidential and parliamentary government systems have continued unabated in Turkey for almost 50 years. However,...