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Coup in Turkey and Egypt: Internal and External Dynamics

The failure of the July 15 coup attempt in Turkey gave rise to many comparisons between the coup attempt in Turkey and the coup in Egypt. This commentary compares the factors, which led to the success of the coup attempt in Egypt and the failure of the Turkish one. For this reason, it analyzes some differences in the social composition of the Egyptian and Turkish people, and the role of internal political actors, external powers, and the media in shaping the fate of the coup in Egypt and coup attempt in Turkey.

Coup in Turkey and Egypt Internal and External Dynamics
Indignant at what the FETÖ affiliated soldiers did on July 15, people at a democracy watch meeting in Konya hold placards for the international audience, reinforcing the opinion of the public that an army is there to protect its citizens not persecute the
 

Introduction

Acoup is a sudden displacement of a country’s government by a group belonging to an institution of the state, usually the military. A coup is successful only when the coup plotters manage to impose hegemony and take control over the situation; if a coup attempt is thwarted, either civil war ensues or the government restores democratic rule. Although there are many academic studies on dynamics leading to a successful coup, analyzes focusing on the factors that might cause a coup to fail once attempted are rare.1

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