Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

Al-Aqsa Mosque s Incident in July 2017 Affirming the Policy

Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Incident in July 2017: Affirming the Policy of Deterrence

The whole Middle East region passed through an upheaval and transformation for two weeks in the middle of July 2017. The event, now called: “The...

The Belt and Road Initiative and Middle Eastern Politics Challenges

The Belt and Road Initiative and Middle Eastern Politics: Challenges Ahead

Involving sixty countries, the Belt and Road Initiative sparked a global debate because of its potential economic and political implications....

Turkish Foreign Policy under the AK Party

Turkish Foreign Policy under the AK Party

In its 15 years as Turkey’s ruling party, the AK Party has left its imprint on foreign policy. Besides bringing its own style to bear in dealing...

Reforming Turkey s Democracy

Reforming Turkey’s Democracy

The constitutional amendments approved by the referendum of April 16, 2017 are not only a positive step toward renewal of Turkish law and the...

Anti-Turkey Sentiment in Europe during the Referendum Process

Anti-Turkey Sentiment in Europe during the Referendum Process

In each era, relations with Europe have constituted one of the most significant areas of Turkish foreign policy. The commentary addresses the...

Deciphering the Mindset behind the anti-Turkey Bias in European Reporting

Deciphering the Mindset behind the anti-Turkey Bias in European Reporting

Deliberately Misunderstanding Turkey 101 – a new hot pick in European journalism studies? Has fair and objective mainstream reporting about Turkey...

Asia Heading Rightward Embarking on a New Era

Asia Heading Rightward: Embarking on a New Era

For decades, support for Palestine was one of the most important causes taken up by many Asian countries. The Soviet Union's collapse ushered the...

Turkish Foreign Policy in a Time of Perpetual Turmoil

Turkish Foreign Policy in a Time of Perpetual Turmoil

2016 was a difficult year for the world; however, Turkey demonstrated her strength and resilience politically, economically, and security-wise....

Turkey and Russia The Importance of Energy Ties

Turkey and Russia: The Importance of Energy Ties

Turkey and Russia maintain close energy ties in spite of difficulties in other areas of their relationship. This compartmentalization of ties was...

An Overview of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans 1990-2016

An Overview of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans: 1990-2016

The reforming of Turkish foreign policy in the Balkans was a process that started at the end of the Cold War and with the disintegration of...

After Aleppo The Long Game in Syria

After Aleppo: The Long Game in Syria

In the aftermath of the victory by pro-Syrian government forces in Aleppo in December 2016, many see an opportunity for a political resolution to...

Cornerstones of July 15 Women Who Are More Powerful than

Cornerstones of July 15: Women Who Are More Powerful than Tanks

Public reaction to the coup attempt in Turkey on July15, 2016, organized by members of a terrorist organization in the Turkish Army received a wide...

The Internationalization of Higher Education in Turkey Realities Motivations and

The Internationalization of Higher Education in Turkey: Realities, Motivations and Opportunities

The internationalization of higher education constitutes one of the essential components that countries pursue. As economic growth and qualified...

The Odyssey of the Turkish Constitutional Court into the World

The Odyssey of the Turkish Constitutional Court into the World of Individual Application

Since the introduction of the individual application as a constitutional remedy, the Turkish Constitutional Court, which traditionally dealt with...

Turkey s Proposed Presidential System An Assessment of Context and

Turkey’s Proposed Presidential System: An Assessment of Context and Criticisms

Debates over presidential, semi-presidential and parliamentary government systems have continued unabated in Turkey for almost 50 years. However,...

The Transformation of Turkey s Political System and the Executive

The Transformation of Turkey’s Political System and the Executive Presidency

This commentary analyzes the question of political transformation in Turkey, which has been a hotly debated issue for more than 40 years. Over the...

After the Coup Attempt Turkey s Success Story Continues

After the Coup Attempt, Turkey’s Success Story Continues

The July 15 coup attempt, which was orchestrated by the Pennsylvania-based terrorist organization led by Fetullah Gülen, highlighted the...

The Role that the Media Played in the Failure of

The Role that the Media Played in the Failure of the July 15 Coup Attempt

On the night of the July 15th coup attempt in Turkey both social and conventional media played important roles. Rather than inspiring and directing...

Turkey and the West after the Failed Coup Possible Scenarios

Turkey and the West after the Failed Coup: Possible Scenarios

Western powers are the main players that determine the national and international policies of Turkey, a NATO-member and a candidate country to the...

Turkey and the West after the Failed Coup Beyond Suspicion

Turkey and the West after the Failed Coup: Beyond Suspicion?

In the wake of the events of July 15, mutual suspicion is an accurate description of relations between Turkey and the U.S., and Turkish-Western...

Coup in Turkey and Egypt Internal and External Dynamics

Coup in Turkey and Egypt: Internal and External Dynamics

The failure of the July 15 coup attempt in Turkey gave rise to many comparisons between the coup attempt in Turkey and the coup in Egypt. This...

Conflicting Reactions in the Middle East towards the Coup Attempt

Conflicting Reactions in the Middle East towards the Coup Attempt in Turkey: Between Opposing and Welcoming

Reactions in the Arab world to the July 15 coup attempt in Turkey varied between opposing and acclaiming it. Remarkably, some of the most...

Geopolitical Realignments around Syria Threats and Opportunities

Geopolitical Realignments around Syria: Threats and Opportunities

The Syrian uprising took the regional powers by surprise and was able to disrupt the regional balance of power to such an extent that the Syrian...

Post-Nuclear Deal Iran Back to the Fold of Imperialism

Post-Nuclear Deal Iran: Back to the Fold of Imperialism?

Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, sought to chart out an independent course for Iran in regional and global affairs: ‘neither...