Challenging ideas
On Turkish politics and International affairs

The Multiple Faces of Jabhat al-Nusra Jabhat Fath al-Sham in

The Multiple Faces of Jabhat al-Nusra/Jabhat Fath al-Sham in Syria’s Civil War

Jabhat al-Nusra has long been one of the most militarily effective armed actors against the Syrian Ba’thist regime and it continues to play a...

The Syrian Political Opposition What Went Wrong

The Syrian Political Opposition: What Went Wrong?

The uprising against the decades-long Assad rule in Syria started as a series of peaceful demonstrations; however, the brutal crackdown of the...

The Mayhem in Syria Where to

The Mayhem in Syria: Where to?

What started as a peaceful protest in the spring of 2011 soon developed into one of the most vicious and internationalized conflicts of modern...

Political Relations between Turkey and Germany

Political Relations between Turkey and Germany

Turkish-German relations go back to the 16th century and have since then been sustained in different realms, such as the military, diplomacy and...

Economic Relations between Turkey and Germany

Economic Relations between Turkey and Germany

This paper examines the economic relations between Turkey and Germany, Turkey’s number one trade partner for over a century. It first ascertains...

German Media s Perception of Turkey

German Media’s Perception of Turkey

The difficulty of rendering a meaningful image of the German media’s perception of Turkey lies in the general character of modern media itself –as...

Towards more Pragmatism - German Foreign Policy after the Euro

Towards more Pragmatism - German Foreign Policy after the Euro Crisis

In a crisis-ridden Europe Germany is at the center of the debate regarding the question of future power and leadership within the EU. Even those...

Civil-Military Relations in the Arab-Majority World The Impacts on Democratization

Civil-Military Relations in the Arab-Majority World: The Impacts on Democratization and Political Violence

How did unbalanced civil-military relations affect democratization and political violence trends in the Middle East and North Africa? This article...

The Refugee Crisis and Islamophobia

The Refugee Crisis and Islamophobia

In the face of Europe’s biggest refugee crisis since WWII, many right wing and centrist politicians are using Islamophobia as a way to leverage...

Islamophobia in Europe The Radical Right and the Mainstream

Islamophobia in Europe: The Radical Right and the Mainstream

The surge of Islamophobia in Europe has been linked with the growing popularity and agenda-setting power of the radical right. However, attributing...

The Reasons Behind the AK Party s November 1st Victory

The Reasons Behind the AK Party’s November 1st Victory

In June 2015, Turkey’s governing Justice and Development Party (AK Party) lost its parliamentary majority after thirteen consecutive years in...

HDP Torn Between Violence and Politics

HDP Torn Between Violence and Politics

Although the Kurdish political movement has been participating in elections since 1991, never until June 2015 were they able to receive more than 7...

Obama s Missed Opportunity to Pivot Away from the Middle

Obama’s Missed Opportunity to Pivot Away from the Middle East

Washington’s Middle East policy is a shambles. The region’s turmoil fundamentally stems from the George W. Bush Administration’s disastrous...

Palestine After the Arab Spring

Palestine After the Arab Spring

Many expected the Arab uprisings to strengthen official and popular Arab support for Palestinian self-determination, and, for a time, they did....

Groundhog Day and the Repetitive Failure of Western Counterterrorism Policy

Groundhog Day and the Repetitive Failure of Western Counterterrorism Policy in the Middle East

This commentary discusses the ways in which Western counterterrorism policy in the Middle East resembles the Hollywood Film, Groundhog Day, in that...

The Iranian Nuclear Deal Long-Term Implications for the Middle East

The Iranian Nuclear Deal: Long-Term Implications for the Middle East

The Iran nuclear deal has the potential to become a game changer in the Middle East by providing the opportunity for rapprochement between Iran,...

The Arab Spring s Effect on Kurdish Political Fortunes

The “Arab Spring’s” Effect on Kurdish Political Fortunes

The Arab Spring offered Kurdish political actors in the region significant opportunities to advance their goals. Particularly in Syria and Iraq,...

Nation-Building in Iraq Iran 1 the United States 0

Nation-Building in Iraq: Iran 1, the United States 0

In different ways, both the United States and Iran have engaged in nation-building in Iraq. The United States did so very explicitly, announcing to...

Iran versus ISIL

Iran versus ISIL

Iran’s response to the rise of ISIL has been driven by realpolitik rather than religious identity. ISIL threatens to undermine Iran’s regional...

Turkey s Energy Security Strategy in the Emergent Global Energy

Turkey’s Energy Security Strategy in the Emergent Global Energy Outlook

Since the beginning of the 2000s the global energy landscape has undergone constant change. Various factors have affected both the demand and...

From Energy Security to Energy Governance Turkey s Role in

From Energy Security to Energy Governance: Turkey’s Role in a Globalizing Energy Landscape

The logic of energy security is changing, with supply security being de-emphasized, governance and collective solutions are being increasingly...

The Turkish Stream Project in the EU-Russia-Turkey Triangle

The Turkish Stream Project in the EU-Russia-Turkey Triangle

The cancellation of the South Stream Project and the announcement of a new pipeline project in its stead, recently promoted and called the Turkish...

When Foreign Policy Matters The Gülen Movement s Fight with

When Foreign Policy Matters: The Gülen Movement’s Fight with the AK Party over Iran

It is widely accepted that identities are stable and they are one of the main motivations for alliance formations. The recent political rivalry...

What Has Been Is What Will Be The 2015 Israeli

What Has Been Is What Will Be: The 2015 Israeli Elections and the State of Turkish-Israeli Relations

The most notable aspect of the 2015 Israeli parliamentary elections was that the incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has entered his fourth...

Call for Paper | Politics of the Balkans and Future Perspectives