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Strategic Culture of the OSCE and Its Reflection in the Effort to De-escalate and Resolve the Conflict in Ukraine

The OSCE has until now been the only security organization which directly participated in the effort to de-escalate the war in Eastern Ukraine. As cultural approaches to strategic studies can be also applied to international organizations, this study argues that the OSCE was involved in the attempt to stabilize and resolve the situation partly due to its specific strategic culture. We identify the specific features of the strategic culture of the OSCE as an example of regional security governance between ‘non-allies’ based on the discoursive analysis of OSCE documents and demonstrate how these identified features were reflected in the activities of the OSCE in the conflict in Ukraine.

Strategic Culture of the OSCE and Its Reflection in the
(L-R) Former Ukrainian President Kuchma, PM of the self-proclaimed ‘Peoples Republic of Donetsk’ Zakharchenko, OSCE envoy Tagliavini, Russian Ambassador to Ukraine Zurabov, and the rebel leader of ‘Peoples Republic of Lugansk’ Plotnitsky make an official
 

Introduction 1

The study of the strategic culture within the Cold War. Cultural approaches to strategic studies. Discussion, however, has also started. Security organizations are of intergovernmental character, and decisions taken by them. Therefore, we can assume that if organizations have different members, structures and capacities, they also have different strategic cultures.2 Cultures are therefore based on different ideas, perceptions and beliefs, and thus are socially constructed by collective understanding and interpretation about the world. 3 The study of strategic culture of these organizations then plays a key role.

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) which perceive each other as threats, and which prefer deterrence and non-cooperative approaches. This is a typical feature of the OSCE at the beginning of the 21 st century. 4

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