The geopolitical landscape of Central Asia and the Caucasus, characterized by intricate interactions between states, international organizations, and regional dynamics, has witnessed the emergence of the Organization of Turkic States (OTS). This research examines the multifaceted role of the OTS within the international and regional systems. Acknowledging the limitations of singular theoretical lenses in studying international relations, this research embraces an eclectic theoretical framework, aligning with the principles of analytic eclecticism. By doing so, this research positions OTS as an entity composed of multiple states within the complex landscapes of Central Asia and the Caucasus. This approach recognizes that the OTS’ role in the international system is shaped by a multitude of factors, including structural changes, leadership dynamics, domestic decision-making processes, and significant international events. I argue that the as a newly established entity, OTS holds significant potential to exert considerable strategic, economic, and cultural influence over the Central Asia and Caucasus regions in the medium-to-long term. However, this potential hinges upon several critical factors, including the sustained unity within the OTS, the advancement of bilateral relationships among its member states, and the OTS’ ability to effectively compete with rival regional frameworks for prominence.