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Social Media and Fake News in the Post-Truth Era: The Manipulation of Politics in the Election Process

This article focuses on how virtual social networks affect socio-political life. The main theme of the article is how social networks such as Facebook and Twitter can direct voters’ electoral preferences, especially during election time, through the dissemination of manipulative content and fake news. The use of social media, which was initially thought to have a positive effect on democratization, has been extensively discussed in recent years as threat to democracy. Examples from the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, France, Brexit, Germany, the UK and Turkey will be used to illustrate the risks that social networks pose to democracy, especially during election periods.

Social Media and Fake News in the Post-Truth Era The
A protester holds a poster reading “Fake News Is The Real Virus” during a demonstration in the U.S. Huntington Beach, California, on May 9, 2020. STANTON SHARPE / SOPA Images / LightRocket via Getty Images
 

Received Date: 11/07/2019 • Accepted Date: 13/04/2020

 

 

 

Introduction

 

The social media platforms that have emerged within the scope of new technologies, and which are new configurations of modern technology and the internet, have led social and political debates to gain new dimensions. The fact that social media notably influenced the revolution / counter-revolution movements that started in December 2010 in Tunisia, and later in Egypt and Syria increased interest in these areas. Internet channels, whose effects were tested on social movements, have now become an indispensable part of social life and have affected politics deeply.

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