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Insight Turkey > Issues | Presidential System and Turkey - Fall 2016 / Volume 18, Number 4

Presidential System and Turkey



Editor's Notes


Editor's Note | Fall 2016
Turkey has been holding elections since the end of the 19th century; and the country has been enjoying democratic elections since 1950. With a well-established electoral system, both local and general elections in Turkey are held in peace and stability. While there is no debate about the freeness, fairness and transparency of the elections, there are always some discussions about the representation problem such as the real power of politicians, the national threshold for political parties to be able to send their representatives to the parliament and the lack of instruments to overcome political crises. 


Commentaries


Cornerstones of July 15: Women Who Are More Powerful than Tanks
Public reaction to the coup attempt in Turkey on July15, 2016, organized by members of a...

The Internationalization of Higher Education in Turkey: Realities, Motivations and Opportunities
The internationalization of higher education constitutes one of the essential components that...

The Odyssey of the Turkish Constitutional Court into the World of Individual Application
Since the introduction of the individual application as a constitutional remedy, the Turkish...

Turkey’s Proposed Presidential System: An Assessment of Context and Criticisms
Debates over presidential, semi-presidential and parliamentary government systems have continued...

The Transformation of Turkey’s Political System and the Executive Presidency
This commentary analyzes the question of political transformation in Turkey, which has been a...


Articles


Iran’s Ballistic Missile Program: A New Case for Engaging Iran?
Much like Iran’s nuclear program, scholars and policy makers are largely puzzled to understand...

The New NATO: Prepared for Russian Hybrid Warfare?
The Ukrainian crisis altered the security paradigm in Europe by forcing NATO to revise its stance...

Kazakh and Russian History and Its Geopolitical Implications
In 2015, Kazakhstan celebrated 550 years of Kazakh statehood. The extraordinary interest in these...

Reconsidering the Presidential System in Turkey
Debates on the system of government have been on the political agenda in Turkey since the 1960s,...

The Constitutional Amendment Draft: The End of Debates on Change in the Turkish Political System?
Debate over the government system has occupied Turkey’s political and constitutional agenda for...

Political Parties, the Political System and Turkey
Even though they are not the sole forms of organization in a democratic system, political parties...

Government Systems, Party Politics, and Institutional Engineering in the Round
Countries often debate the issue of constitutional reform. Typically, such debates focus on...


Review Article


A Necessary Void in International Relations: Non-State Actors in the Middle East
There has been a dramatic expansion in the size, scope and capacity of non-state actors around the globe in the last three decades. Providing social services, implementing development programs, participating in international conflicts, non-state actors have played important roles, especially in regions where the government presence is weak. The Middle East is rife with both important humanitarian non-state actors delivering social services as a complement to government action and violent non-state actors operating outside domestic law and international norms. The commonality in both examples is the way in which the non-state actors establish private authorities in the spaces where state sovereignty is weak or absent, and legitimate it in terms of identity, religion, services provided or nothing but violence. This leaves numerous questions to be answered. 


Book Reviews


Social Unrest and American Military Bases in Turkey and Germany Since 1945
Holmes’ Social Unrest and American Military Bases is a comparative study of anti-American bases...

Conflict and Peace in Central Eurasia: Towards Explanations and Understandings
Conflict and Peace in Central Eurasia: Towards Explanations and Understandings tests a hypothesis...

China’s Foreign Policy
In his book China’s Foreign Policy, Stuart Harris, a Professor Emeritus at the Australian...

An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity
With An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism, Umut Uzer addresses a gap in the...

The Circassian Diaspora in Turkey: A Political History
This book is the long-expected first book on the politics and history of the Circassian diaspora...

Everyday Lived Islam in Europe
There is a substantial body of literature on Muslims and Islam in Europe, which largely focuses...

Global South to the Rescue: Emerging Humanitarian Superpowers and Globalizing Rescue Industries
The volume edited by Paul Amar critically analyzes the role that the Global South is thought to...

The State of Savagery: ISIS in Syria
What is the ontology of ISIS? Ulutaş takes this central question as the linchpin of his study in...

The Struggle for Influence in the Middle East: The Arab Uprisings and Foreign Assistance
The book reviewed here is one of the most beneficial examples of studies made on Foreign...

The Two-state Solution: The UN Partition Resolution of Mandatory Palestine – Analysis and Sources
Ruth Gavison edited a book which was brought together as a result of the founding conference of...


Call for Paper | Politics of the Balkans and Future Perspectives