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Making Sense of International Order(s): Contending Theories

The rising economic insecurity and inequality in the West have undermined liberal internationalism’s social purpose. Thus, liberal internationalism should curtail its global reach. Liberal democracies can make the world safe by returning to liberal internationalism’s club-like character. Constructivism argues that building an international order is substantially a business of managing cultural diversity. However, diversity regimes both constitute certain cultural forms and exclude others. As a result, cultural and political contestation intensifies and challenges the present international order. A lasting international order necessities legitimacy by tolerating cultural diversity. However, whether the liberal international order is legitimate enough is a contested one.

Making Sense of International Order s Contending Theories




Orders of Exclusion: Great Powers and the Strategic
Sources of Foundational Rules in International

By Kyle M. Lascurettes
New York: Oxford University Press, 2020, 327 pages, £25.99 (paperback),
ISBN: 9780190068554



A World Safe for Democracy: Liberal Internationalism
and the Crises of Global Order

By G. John Ikenberry
New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2020, 408 pages, $24.00 (paperback),
ISBN: 9780300271010



Culture and Order in World Politics

Edited by Andrew Phillips and Christian Reus-Smit
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2020, 379 pages, $34.99 (paperback),
ISBN: 9781108718936





The international order is a central theme that policymakers debate, advocate, and sometimes challenge in private or public. The concept is also often the subject of conspiracy theories that may dangerously influence public opinion on global issues such as migration, environment, and disease. Thus, it is important to understand why policymakers put international order on their agendas, why conspiracy theories are interested in the concept, and the essential meaning of international order. That initiative necessarily invites interested ones into the distinct universe of international relations theories. For

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