A professor in the Department of Philosophy, Oleg Bazaluk focuses on war and peace in his book and attempts to develop a philosophical theory of these concepts. As he explicitly expresses at the beginning of chapter two, “Methodology and Axiomatics of the Theory of War and Peace,” Bazaluk’s aim is to develop a “scientific theory of war and peace” based on well-known discussions in international relations (IR) and to determine “the rhizome” of these concepts (pp. 35-44).
The book is divided into seven chapters and a conclusion. In the first five chapters, Bazaluk focuses on explaining his theory; the other two are devoted to implementing it. Every chapter has a conclusion that allows readers to see the summary of discussions and quickly grasp a comprehensive understanding. In the first chapter, the author analyzes the concepts of war and peace on philosophical grounds and determines two lines of reasoning in understanding these concepts. The main reason, according to Bazaluk, is to understand these concepts before formulating a theory (p. 33). While the first line represents Democritus’ ideas and refers to the realist tradition in IR, the second line represents Plato’s thoughts and refers to idealism or liberalism (p. 11). Bazaluk provides a historical and philosophical background for these concepts that IR literature has excessively focused upon, and claims that he follows Plato’s line (p. 43).