The book under review is a work by American-Lebanese scholar Walid Phares, who specializes in Middle East politics. He has worked in different advisory positions in the U.S., most notably, within the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Congress. In 2012, he served as Mitt Romney’s advisor for Middle East affairs during the latter’s presidential candidacy. In 2016, he played the same role for then candidate Donald Trump. He is the author of The Confrontation, Future Jihad, and The War of Ideas.
The book consists of fourteen chapters, starting with “Western Failure to Predict the 2011 Uprisings,” and ending with “Alternative Policies Regarding the Middle East.” In his preface, Phares refers to the 2009 “Green Revolution” in Iran and the 2011 Arab spring as a historical opportunity for the U.S. and the Western powers, which they could have taken advantage of with a view to weakening or even defeating “the global and Jihadi terror.” According to Phares, the U.S. and the West embraced wrongheaded policies when dealing with these events, which caused them to lose this unprecedented opportunity.